The health system in Estonia has made important innovations and regulations with the development of technology. In the Estonian health system , doctor’s examination fees and treatment fees may seem a bit expensive, but most people living in Estonia have health insurance. This health insurance covers most of the costs of necessary treatments.
What is the Estonian Health System Model?
The Estonian health system model is today a health system model that allows people to finance their treatment. The health system model in Estonia is the Bismarc Model, that is, the National Health Service. II. The Bismarc model, designed by German Otto Von Bismarc after the end of World War II, contributed to the formation of the health system in Estonia. In this model, health services are financed by the state on a tax basis. It is the most common health financing method used for health innovations in Estonia. In this system, hospitals and doctors can work in both state and private institutions. In the Bismarc model, patients take out health insurance against the possibility of illness. This model constitutes the health system of Estonia, which is a developed country.
What are the Epidemics in Estonia?
Rapidly transmitted epidemic detection in Estonia is not much until 2020. However, the covid-19 pandemic, which affected the whole world in 2020, also showed its effect in Estonia. The first covid-19 pandemic case in Estonia was seen in the capital Tallinn on February 27, 2020. By the middle of March, the number of cases reached 15 people. All of the cases so far have been infected from northern Italy. After the increase in cases after half of March, the Estonian state imposed certain restrictions. Some of these restrictions are:
- Primary, secondary and high schools were all closed.
- All sporting events have been postponed
- Curfew prohibited outside certain hours
- Public areas such as cinemas were closed.
- Estonia’s western islands are closed to all but island residents
- Entertainment and recreation facilities closed
- Entries and exits to the country are closed with certain exceptions
Today, a total of 398 people died in Estonia due to the covid-19 pandemic, and the total number of cases was determined to be 41,966 people. The island of Saare in Estonia was most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Because the virus spread to the country by Power Volley Milano, the Italian volleyball club in the 2019-2020 CEV Challenge Cup matches. Although the people living in this region make up only 2.5% of Estonia, almost half of the number of patients in severe condition have been tried to be treated in the hospital in this region.
What are the Estonian Health System Studies?
Health system studies in Estonia started after Estonia occupied its independence. While the death rate due to health problems in the country was 33.6% before the health studies started, this mortality rate has been reduced to 23.7% thanks to the health system in Estonia . Citizens living in Estonia are required to have health insurance. This health insurance is created at the Ministry of Social Affairs. It is the Ministry of Social Affairs that fulfills many responsibilities of the health system. Some of the other duties of this Ministry of Social Affairs are:
- To control the standards of health institutions
- Making necessary innovations in the health system
- Build health system infrastructure
- Controlling the functioning of the health system
- Developing health system policy
What is the Financial Source of the Health System in Estonia?
The most important source of financing for the health system in Estonia is health insurance. Other sources of finance for the Estonian healthcare system are taxes, personal payment, and private insurance. The number of doctors per capita in Estonia is higher than in European countries. However, this does not apply to nurses and general practitioners. In the Estonian healthcare system , the number of nurses per capita has decreased in recent years. In this case, it can be said that technological developments have an effect. For example, robots serve sick people in health institutions instead of nurses in Estonia. Instead of nurses, robots can take necessary blood tests from patients and even transmit these tests to relevant laboratories.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]
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