What is Estonia’s Climate and Seasons?

By February 5, 2021 No Comments

Estonia has four seasons in its climate . Estonia, which is in the transition zone, is in the north of the temperate climate zone and between the maritime and continental climate. Although Estonia is located in Northern Europe, that is, at northern latitude, it has a temperate climate. The reason for the mild climate in Estonia is the heating of the North Atlantic Ocean by sea air. There are differences between the climates of the countries in the coastal and inland parts of the Baltic Sea. The average temperature of the climate of the countries bordering the Baltic Sea is 16.3 degrees. The climate temperature in Estonia is 5.2 degrees on average. In Estonia, February is the coldest month in winter, with an average temperature of -5.7 degrees. In Estonia, July is the hottest month in summer, with an average temperature of 16.4 degrees. The North Atlantic current and Iceland’s minimum conditions seriously affect Estonia’s climate. In Estonia’s climate, the amount of precipitation is high, and the average amount of evaporation is less than the amount of precipitation. The climate of Estonia shows a humid structure. In Estonia, Sakala Haanja and the Western Uplands are the cities with the highest rainfall in Estonia. Snowfall in the country lasts from the 15th of December to the end of March. The four seasons experienced in Estonia show different characteristics from each other.

What is the Spring Season in Estonia?

Spring season in Estonia is dry and mild. Snowfall can be seen in March and April. Thunderstorms can be seen in the country in April. When heat waves first reach Estonia, the average temperature in the country’s climate rises to between 20 and 30 degrees. The warmest month in Estonia in spring is May, with an average temperature of 30 degrees Celsius in this month.

How is the Summer in Estonia?

The summer season in Estonia is warm and mild, unlike the cold weather of the Baltic islands. The average temperature in the country during the summer period can reach 30 to 35 degrees, but the generally measured temperature is 20 degrees. The hottest month in Estonia is July. Although the hottest month is July, the highest temperature in the country was measured in August with 35.6 degrees. Storms can be seen in the country during the day towards evening.

What is the Autumn Season in Estonia?

Autumn season in Estonia has mostly windy and wet weather. High temperatures can be seen in the country on the 15th of September, but it does not take long for these temperatures to be replaced by thunderstorms and heavy rainfall. The speed of the storms that cause coastal flooding and winds in some cases in the country is 35 m/s. Snowfall in the Estonian climate usually occurs in late November. The strongest wind speed recorded today was 48 m/s, measured in 1969 in Ruhnu.

How is the Winter Season in Estonia?

The winter season in Estonia is very harsh in January and February. While the climate is cold in the east of Estonia, the temperature seen in the coastal areas is higher. The lowest temperature of the winter season in Estonia’s climate is -43.5 degrees. The average winter temperature in Estonia is -35 degrees. Cyclones are the cause of snowstorms in Estonia. Cyclones carry warm air mass to the country in winter and cold air mass in summer. Marine influence in the Baltic states may predict the excess of snowfall in Estonia. In the Estonian climate, the weather conditions are severely harsh in winter.

Although the climate is mild in Estonia , one of the Baltic countries in Northern Europe, the cold weather does not lose its effect throughout the country. Like every Baltic country, Estonia has a severely cold and snowy winter season. In Estonia, citizens experience the shortest nights during the summer season, with a daytime experience of approximately 19 hours. There is variation in the annual average rainfall in Estonia. The annual average rainfall in the country is between 610 and 710 mm. Most of this precipitation is experienced in the winter season. Although it is less in summer, precipitation is also seen in autumn and spring seasons.[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

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